Flagship Report

Rethinking Land in the Anthropocene:
from Separation to Integration

Only if there is a fundamental change in the way we manage land we can reach the targets of climate-change mitigation, avert the dramatic loss of biodiversity and make the global food system sustainable.


The WBGU proposes five multiple-benefit strategies illustrating ways of overcoming competition between rival claims to the use of land. These should be promoted by five governance strategies, especially by setting suitable framework conditions, reorienting EU policy and establishing alliances of like-minded states. 

Land is the basis of human life. With climate change, the mass extinction of biological diversity and an often dysfunctional food system, we are experiencing three colliding global crises that are directly linked to the way we manage land. Yet the land and its biologically productive ecosystems are under more pressure than ever before. This is the starting point of the present report: Which strategies for managing terrestrial ecosystems are most suitable for defusing the existing competition between different forms of land use while simultaneously ensuring climate-change mitigation, biodiversity conservation and food security? How can transformative change towards sustainable land use be promoted and which actors need to be mobilized and become involved? What challenges does this pose for research and for Germany's role in global environmental and development policy?

More on the Subject

Press Release

Rethinking Land in the Anthropocene: from Separation to Integration

Voices to this Report

The German Advisory Council on Global Change’s recent report, ‘Rethinking Land in the Anthropocene: from Separation to Integration’, makes it abundantly clear that we need a fundamental change in how we manage the land to limit climate change, reverse biodiversity loss and create sustainable food systems. Healthy land is finite, but changes in consumer and corporate behaviors, combined with better land use planning and management, can help meet the demand for essential goods and services without compromising land resources. This report presents a clear path toward climate change mitigation, ecosystem protection and food systems sustainability through better land management.

Ibrahim Thiaw, Executive Secretary der United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)

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Gutachten: Landwende im Anthropozän

Flagship Report: Rethinking Land in the Anthropocene